Eau de Cologne. At the bottom end of the range as far as concentration is concerned, is eau de cologne. This tends to contain about 7% essence dissolved in alcohol of 60º or 70º. It is delightfully refreshing in hot weather and because it doesn’t last long, it can be frequently reapplied directly to the skin. It tends to be marketed in large sizes of up to 200 ml and is often applied by spray.
Eau de toilette (the one mostly available). Sometimes used to describe the same concentration as cologne, eau de toilette can contain up to around 10% aromatic essence. The top notes – the first scent released by a perfume – are dominant, making it refreshing when it is applied, and it evaporates and fades away quite quickly. Eau de toilette and cologne are the most popular forms in which fragrance is sold, and are particularly appropriate for the summer.
Eau de parfum. After the top notes have died away, the middle notes or heart notes of a perfume become noticeable. This is the focus of eau de parfum which makes it perfect to spray clothing. The concentration of oils is over 15%, sometimes reaching as high as 20%. Since it is less intense than perfume extract, it is also cheaper, but it usually lasts well and is sold in small sizes. This is the one that is mostly available in the stores for highest concentration.
Perfume. Also called perfume extract or extrait, this is the most expensive version of any fragrance; it’s also the most beautiful because of the whole symphony of top, heart and base notes released over a period of time. This is due to the high concentration of essences – as much as 40% by volume. Perfume is applied directly to the skin on pulse spots – insides of the wrists, behind the ears, at the throat… The average concentration of essence in a perfume is 25%, which makes it the longest lasting of all the scent categories. Only a tiny amount is needed, which is reflected in the sizes in which it is sold. Rare to find and may only exist for some brands.
Penhaligons has been making unusual perfumes since its founder started tinkering with bergamot and jasmine in a Jermyn Street barber shop in 1872. Portraits is a collection of fragrances that narrates the intrigues of a rogue’s gallery of fictional aristocrats. The Tragedy of Lord George, with its heady top notes of brandy, heart notes of shaving soap, and the dark scent of tonka beans rounding it out, tells the story of a seemingly upstanding nobleman with secrets. It’s a singular and supremely put-together fragrance.
• Heart notes: Shaving soap
• Base notes: Tonka bean, amber
- Top notes: Dry Fig, Cumin Seed
- Heart notes: Ylang Ylang, Cedar Wood
- Base notes: Gurjum Balsam, Sandalwood, Patchouli, Cambodian Oud
Bottega Veneta Pour Homme Parfum is a captivating blend of the rarest and finest quality materials.
The fragrance opens with highly concentrated woody and spicy notes of cedar leaves and rich cardamom, enhanced and strengthened at the heart by pimento and fir balsam. A sensual leather accord fused with tonka bean completes this masculine masterpiece.
The continuation of the collaboration of Tomas Maier, master perfumer Daniela Andrier, and perfumer Antoine Maisondieu, Bottega Veneta Pour Homme Parfum is an expression of strength and masculinity, enhancing the values of the signature fragrance.
- Style Woody
- Notes Incense, vetiver, cedar
- Notes Black truffle, ylang, bergamot, blackcurrant, Tom Ford black orchid, lotus wood, noir gourmand, patchouli, vetiver, vanilla, balsam, sandalwood
- Top notes: Tarragon cinnamon, patchouli
- Bottom notes: Amber, vetiver
After the first perfume Narciso Rodriguez for Him from 2007 and Narciso Rodriguez for Him Musk from 2009, the third fragrance for men hits the shelves in 2012. Narciso Rodriguez for Him Eau de Parfum Intense will thrill all fans of this brand with this new composition and strong composition of the fragrance. The new fragrance was introduced in March 2012 and brings a good dose of sensuality provided by an intense musk as stamp of this edition. Besides musk, sensual notes are increased by floral tacts of elegant iris spiced in flirtatious manner with sassy pink pepper. Its prestigious, mysterious bottle fascinates with its smoky, grey mirror effects.
Le Mâle Essence de Parfum, the new olfactory experience! Bursting spicy citrus collides with sensual leather notes shaken up with precious woods.
Le Mâle Essence de Parfum, shows a new interpretation of masculinity with for the first time, a redesigned silhouette: more shoulders and a narrower waist.
- Top notes: Cardomom, Citrus
- Heart notes: Lavender, Leather
- Base notes: Costus, Precious Woods
1] Guerlain Santal Royal
For this creation, Guerlain House Perfumer Thierry Wasser drew inspiration from the treasures of the East, and worked one of the rarest and most precious ingredients in the perfume world: sandalwood.
A heritage of creative audacity and savoir-faire.
House Perfumer Thierry Wasser represents the fifth generation of Guerlain perfumers. He travels the world in search of the most precious raw materials to compose audacious fragrance harmonies.
Makeup maestro Olivier Echaudemaison has the unique talent to create must-have products that reveal each woman’s beauty and complement her personality.
Dr. Frédéric Bonté leads Guerlain’s scientific research, focusing on the best of nature to develop high-performance formulas.
For almost two centuries, Guerlain has been inspired by beauty, excited by the magic of a pencil stroke or the boldness of a new creation. La Petite Robe Noire, L’Homme Idéal, Terracotta, Météorites, Orchidée Impériale and Abeille Royale are all elegant testimony to Guerlain’s passion for beauty.
For almost two centuries, Guerlain products have been made in France, perpetuating rare expertise and savoir-faire. In 2015, Guerlain opened La Ruche (“Beehive”), a new production site for Makeup and Skincare. Combining advanced technology with time-honored traditional craftsmanship, this new facility affirms Guerlain’s commitment to French industry and to social and environmental responsibility.
Each day, Guerlain makes women, all women, more beautiful. The promise of joyful, radiant beauty is an ethos epitomized by an extraordinary place: Maison Guerlain at 68, Champs-Elysées.